Risk Reduction and Prevention

Cybersecurity risk prevention and reduction are vital to safeguarding sensitive information and ensuring the smooth operation of businesses and organizations. A well-structured approach to risk management prioritizes high impact, high likelihood events, followed by lower impact and likelihood events. This approach ensures that we address the most critical risks first, reducing the potential for significant damage.

See the below matrix to see how you should prioritize risk reduction and prevention for your organization.

High Impact, High Likelihood Cybersecurity Events 

High impact, high likelihood cybersecurity events are those that have a high chance of occurring and can cause substantial damage to an organization. These events include data breaches, ransomware attacks, and distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks. To prevent and reduce the risk of these events, organizations should implement the following measures:

  1. Strong Password Policies: Enforce a strict password policy that requires complex, unique passwords and regular password changes. This reduces the likelihood of unauthorized access because of weak passwords.
  2. Regularly update all software, including operating systems, applications, and security tools, to address known vulnerabilities.
  3. Employee Training: Educate employees on cybersecurity best practices, such as identifying phishing emails and avoiding suspicious links or downloads. A well-informed workforce is less likely to fall victim to cyber attacks.
  4. Data Encryption: Encrypt sensitive data both in transit and at rest to protect against unauthorized access in the event of a breach.
  5. Access Controls: Implement strict access controls to ensure that employees only have access to the data and systems necessary for their job functions. This minimizes the potential for internal threats.
  6. Regular backups are essential for data recovery without paying a ransom.
  7. Incident Response Plan: Develop and regularly test an incident response plan to ensure a swift and effective response in the event of a cybersecurity incident.

Low Impact, Low Likelihood Cybersecurity Events 

While high impact, high likelihood events are the most critical, organizations should also address low impact, low likelihood cybersecurity events. These events may not cause significant damage, but they can still disrupt operations and erode trust in the organization. To prevent and reduce the risk of these events, consider the following measures:

  1. Regularly scan your networks and systems for vulnerabilities in order to identify and address potential weaknesses before anyone can exploit them.
  2. Patch Management: Ensure that all known vulnerabilities are patched promptly to minimize the risk of exploitation.
  3. Network Segmentation: Segment your network into smaller, isolated segments to limit the spread of an attack and protect critical systems.
  4. Two-Factor Authentication: Implement two-factor authentication (2FA) to add an extra layer of security to user accounts and reduce the risk of unauthorized access.
  5. Physical Security: Ensure that your physical premises are secure, with access controls, surveillance, and monitoring, to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive systems and data.
  6. Regular Security Audits: Conduct regular security audits to identify and address weaknesses in your security infrastructure and processes.
  7. Cybersecurity Insurance: Consider purchasing cybersecurity insurance to protect against financial losses resulting from a cyber attack.


Effective cybersecurity risk prevention and reduction require a comprehensive approach that prioritizes high impact, high likelihood events before addressing lower impact and likelihood events. By implementing the measures outlined above, organizations can significantly reduce their exposure to cyber threats and safeguard their sensitive information. Remember that cybersecurity is an ongoing process, and organizations must continually adapt and develop their security strategies to stay ahead of emerging threats.